Internet, brzina interneta u Crnoj Gori i svijetu | Ekonomist

Internet, brzina interneta u Crnoj Gori i svijetu

piše IT analitičar – Aleksa Bigović


Krenuću prvo od toga šta je internet i ko upravlja njime.

Internet je globalna paketna mreža za prenos podataka koja zajedno povezuje računare i računarske mreže korišćenjem istoimenog protokola (IP-Internet protocol) .

Istorija Interneta počinje 1961. godine sa teorijom paketnog prebacivanja. Te godine je Leonard Kleinrock iz MIT-a objavio prvi rad na tu temu u kome obrazlaže teoretske mogućnosti računarskog komuniciranja korišćenjem paketa umjesto klasičnih kola.

S druge strane, J.C.R. Licklider sa MIT Univerziteta, avgusta 1962. godine je prvi opisao koncept globalne računarske mreže. Pojam onlajn komunikacija – riječ koju danas često koristimo kada govorimo o računarskim komunikacijama takođe je prvi u svojim radovima uveo Liklider. Ovi rezultati istraživača sa MIT-a zainteresovali su i Agenciju za istraživanja i razvoj Ministarstva odbrane SAD, tada poznatu pod akronimom ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency). Lorens Roberts bio je jedan od istraživača. On sredinom šezdesetih godina prelazi u ARPA-u, gdje 1966.god započinje rad na razvoju mreže, koja bi povezala centralne računare (host computers) određenih institucija američke armije u jedinstvenu mrezu – ARPANET.

Ko upravlja internetom?

Postoji nekoliko organizacija, prvenstveno u Americi, koje su više pomoć i podrška internetu nego njegova uprava, na primjer: Internet Society je privatna, neprofesionalna organizacija koja izdaje preporuke i stara se o tome kako funkcionišu određeni protokoli koji su donešeni npr. TCP/IP. InterNIC- Internet Network Information Centar je organizacija koja vodi internet registar.

World Wide Web

World Wide Web, ili jednostavno WWW najnoviji je informacioni servis na Internetu. On se tek pojavio 1993. godine da bi danas sa vise desetina miliona WWW stranica predstavljao sinonim za Internet. Prve dvije riječi “World Wide” označavaju svjetsku mrežu kompjutera, odnosno da obuhvata čitavu planetu, to jest da je globalni sistem, a posljednja riječ “Web” označava mrežu (u orginalnom prevodu paukovu mrežu), odnosno elektronsku prezentaciju.

Brzina interneta

Prema istraživanju koje je objavio cable.co.uk, najbrži internet na svijetu ima Singapur, a najsporiji Jemen. Crna Gora zauzima tek 71. mjesto ispred nas su skoro sve države regiona, Bosna i Hercegovina se nalaze na 61. mjesto, Srbija na 41. mjesto i Hrvatska na 40. mjesto, jedino je Albanija iza nas i nalazi se na 78. mjesto. U nastavku možete vidjeti kompletan spisak zemalja sa njihovim prosjekom kada se radi o brzini interneta.

MjestoDržavaMbpsNumber of Distinct IpsUkupan broj testovaPotrebno vrijeme za skidanje HD filma (7.5GB) DD:HH:MM:SS
1Singapore55.1312,95950,94000:00:18:34
2Sweden40.1628,94790,27800:00:25:30
3Taiwan34.419,21635,95200:00:29:46
4Denmark33.5419,76072,47200:00:30:32
5Netherlands33.5265,527223,20300:00:30:33
6Latvia30.368,49720,01400:00:33:43
7Norway29.1313,58336,42100:00:35:09
8Belgium27.3735,63377,28700:00:37:25
9Hong Kong27.1610,35530,01600:00:37:42
10Switzerland26.9317,08553,96100:00:38:01
11Lithuania25.1212,35332,26000:00:40:46
12Japan24.4771,444173,05200:00:41:51
13Estonia24.117,76816,46600:00:42:28
14Jersey23.31,4383,46400:00:43:57
15Hungary23.16150,687371,57000:00:44:12
16Korea, Republic of22.9124,126329,32900:00:44:43
17Portugal21.7231,16178,41300:00:47:08
18Romania21.3368,672142,82900:00:48:00
19Finland20.913,85329,76300:00:48:59
20Macau20.528751,67800:00:49:54
21United States209,053,16545,415,27500:00:51:13
22Spain19.6141,699273,04000:00:52:15
23Slovakia18.8523,656103,96000:00:54:19
24Germany18.8114,572221,43000:00:54:28
25Slovenia18.3711,93725,81100:00:55:45
26Canada18.031,088,0074,037,64700:00:56:48
27Bulgaria17.5419,33151,56800:00:58:23
28Czech Republic17.3143,430284,96500:00:59:09
29Thailand16.8584,617158,08800:01:00:46
30New Zealand16.6163,705456,87400:01:01:42
31United Kingdom16.51354,329950,84600:01:02:01
32Monaco16.1333175000:01:03:29
33Luxembourg15.523,65010,88900:01:05:59
34Austria15.2630,39062,95400:01:07:05
35Poland14.8890,957202,46500:01:08:48
36Ireland13.9226,96070,28000:01:13:34
37France13.43186,990441,41900:01:16:16
38Gibraltar13.188121,36100:01:17:42
39Cayman Islands13.151,2503,18500:01:17:53
40Croatia12.5718,99733,55700:01:21:27
41Serbia12.2516,78332,84300:01:23:34
42Andorra12.0724536500:01:24:52
43Russian Federation11.59557,0401,544,83400:01:28:19
44Liechtenstein11.410520000:01:29:51
45Moldova, Republic of10.759,46325,98300:01:35:13
46Italy10.71307,170602,24400:01:35:36
47Iceland10.554,05711,08800:01:37:02
48Malta10.174,5539,05600:01:40:42
49Bahamas10.069875,44200:01:41:49
50Isle of Man9.018351,38500:01:53:39
51Kenya8.833,63612,52600:01:55:55
52Guernsey8.762,7239,77900:01:56:57
53Cyprus8.247,25120,82500:02:04:16
54Ukraine8.18145,876454,38400:02:05:08
55Australia7.7894,2252,430,04500:02:12:57
56Mexico7.5964,822143,38600:02:14:53
57Greece7.5664,700119,93100:02:15:30
58Faroe Islands7.4815028500:02:16:58
59Macedonia7.345,0948,64000:02:19:28
60Israel7.222,21847,90600:02:22:11
61Bosnia and Herzegovina75,6599,61400:02:26:19
62Turks and Caicos Islands6.7418337900:02:31:55
63Malaysia6.6938,88168,19600:02:33:03
64Belarus6.6844,43488,99500:02:33:22
65Barbados6.627052,01800:02:34:38
66Jamaica6.62,1945,66700:02:35:11
67Puerto Rico6.445,17913,45200:02:38:57
68Dominican Republic6.226,66712,98100:02:44:41
69Bermuda5.948743,46800:02:52:24
70Georgia5.863,4838,98100:02:54:42
71Montenegro5.851,8204,94000:02:55:07
72Seychelles5.843101,65300:02:55:21
73Virgin Islands, British5.4918440800:03:06:41
74Vietnam5.4625,40145,47000:03:07:39
75Indonesia5.1930,32167,84100:03:17:29
76Belize5.144692,22500:03:19:03
77Virgin Islands, U.S.5.142201,95000:03:19:24
78Albania4.674,78313,99700:03:39:15
79Morocco4.3812,46417,83400:03:53:40
80South Africa4.3643,98193,44000:03:54:54
81United Arab Emirates4.1727,31356,41500:04:05:39
82Kazakhstan453,166105,14000:04:15:53
83Turkey3.9684,325151,72700:04:18:39
84Qatar3.895,34711,38500:04:23:14
85Sri Lanka3.836,5208,76400:04:27:10
86Brunei Darussalam3.831,9124,34500:04:27:31
87Philippines3.6957,841150,12100:04:37:52
88Tunisia3.511,86621,51900:04:52:23
89Madagascar3.491,4022,56200:04:53:15
90Honduras3.471,2484,00700:04:55:26
91Guatemala3.312,3546,79500:05:09:50
92Armenia3.294,74412,03700:05:11:08
93Trinidad and Tobago3.283,40110,97900:05:12:17
94Greenland3.1513021800:05:24:56
95Nigeria3.153,3977,24100:05:25:27
96Bahrain3.134,0576,46800:05:27:18
97Aruba3.1242193100:05:28:42
98Cambodia3.12,9976,94900:05:29:59
99Saudi Arabia3.0662,833104,49700:05:34:57
100Jordan2.985,8278,81300:05:43:24
101Dominica2.6824651200:06:22:32
102Azerbaijan2.675,29510,10000:06:23:20
103Haiti2.628391,46300:06:30:51
104Oman2.614,2656,36500:06:32:23
105Zimbabwe2.496971,70000:06:50:34
106Zambia2.459712,90100:06:58:05
107El Salvador2.341,3163,34500:07:18:02
108Panama2.32,64512,42300:07:25:19
109Martinique2.38962,23600:07:25:36
110Ghana2.31,9374,07600:07:26:11
111New Caledonia2.231,1942,27200:07:40:08
112Guam2.223581,31000:07:40:53
113Kuwait2.218,69915,76200:07:44:01
114Colombia2.1219,90941,70000:08:02:25
115Liberia2.1211532700:08:03:18
116Uganda2.125631,18900:08:04:00
117Rwanda2.1135984900:08:05:02
118Myanmar2.091,4234,92300:08:09:57
119India2.06226,103463,53000:08:16:20
120Cape Verde227253600:08:32:04
121Curaçao1.995272,13400:08:33:54
122Saint Lucia1.9817433100:08:36:09
123Palestinian Territory1.962,2613,61300:08:43:33
124Laos1.945781,43700:08:49:05
125Antigua and Barbuda1.8615746600:09:10:15
126Namibia1.811,6182,32000:09:26:07
127Saint Kitts and Nevis1.7210650800:09:56:19
128Chile1.6715,77532,80000:10:11:45
129Guadeloupe1.631,3642,77200:10:27:46
130Maldives1.627581,66800:10:32:13
131Iraq1.620,30247,62900:10:38:02
132Mongolia1.68531,70900:10:41:49
133Iran, Islamic Republic of1.5629,55648,92400:10:54:29
134China1.5557,89992,22600:10:58:57
135Mauritania1.5419323600:11:03:38
136Costa Rica1.534,88415,48500:11:08:51
137Mauritius1.532,4945,11900:11:09:43
138Brazil1.49233,045426,87700:11:26:11
139Tanzania, United Republic of1.491,5903,03200:11:28:54
140Mozambique1.458261,42400:11:46:51
141Peru1.4110,64923,09300:12:08:09
142Turkmenistan1.422857700:12:10:59
143Sint Maarten (Dutch part)1.3918338700:12:16:23
144Bangladesh1.348,18841,67100:12:42:46
145French Guiana1.3451178600:12:44:48
146French Polynesia1.341,1491,81100:12:45:14
147Ethiopia1.346311,72000:12:46:40
148Uruguay1.314,7816,30400:13:00:38
149Ecuador1.286,49314,76400:13:18:39
150Afghanistan1.278181,90000:13:25:28
151Djibouti1.2519132800:13:39:29
152Suriname1.258051,72700:13:42:23
153Togo1.2423646200:13:48:23
154Fiji1.244841,29500:13:48:30
155Cote D’Ivoire1.222,1382,89500:13:58:30
156Egypt1.2232,92449,37200:13:59:27
157Papua New Guinea1.1915267300:14:23:34
158Senegal1.171,5052,28000:14:31:55
159Argentina1.1536,57087,26900:14:49:31
160Nicaragua1.141,6163,35500:14:54:40
161Algeria1.1128,76242,51000:15:21:00
162Sudan1.143561200:15:34:12
163Lebanon1.076,84918,25400:15:54:58
164Botswana1.0732885000:15:56:37
165Angola1.051,1532,50200:16:16:28
166Kyrgyzstan0.985,38816,79400:17:22:02
167Cameroon0.978931,70500:17:37:48
168Reunion0.971,7673,48200:17:37:51
169Nepal0.975,84214,30400:17:39:00
170Malawi0.9222843700:18:30:38
171Pakistan0.9139,36762,37300:18:46:28
172Bolivia0.912,4815,72400:18:48:02
173Guyana0.894011,32300:19:09:23
174Libyan Arab Jamahiriya0.893,1457,75800:19:14:00
175Guinea0.8411321100:20:17:59
176Mali0.8426857900:20:19:30
177Tajikistan0.834671,59000:20:34:16
178Uzbekistan0.764,58410,82700:22:26:41
179Paraguay0.751,2512,42100:22:38:10
180Benin0.7333183700:23:27:23
181Congo0.7210922500:23:32:37
182Venezuela0.712,83225,44501:00:24:26
183Syrian Arab Republic0.681,1631,56101:01:17:00
184Vanuatu0.6311626101:03:00:56
185Somalia0.6228474601:03:27:33
186Congo, The Democratic Republic of the0.5529487601:07:17:51
187Burkina Faso0.4915521801:10:51:46
188Gabon0.4149883001:17:54:39
189Yemen0.341,6472,32702:02:02:28
Ukupno testirano63,039,781

 

Aleksa Bigović
Aleksa Bigović

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